Das Infoversum (German Edition) by Kurt Oktabetz

By Kurt Oktabetz

Der Begriff info zieht sich wie ein roter Faden durch unsere Welt – durch die Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften und durch alle grenzwissenschaftlichen Bereiche.

Information ist ein Phänomen, das den Menschen mit der Natur und dem Kosmos verbindet und das Körper und Geist wieder eins werden lässt.

Was ist nicht Information?

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A Dictionary of the Space Age (New Series in NASA History) by Paul Dickson

By Paul Dickson

The release of Sputnik 1 in 1957 ushered in an exhilarating period of clinical and technological development. As tv information anchors, radio hosts, and newshounds mentioned the happenings of the yankee and the Soviet house courses to hundreds of thousands of captivated voters, phrases that belonged to the worlds of technological know-how, aviation, and technology fiction without warning grew to become a part of the colloquial language. what is extra, NASA used a litany of acronyms in a lot of its authentic correspondence to be able to transmit as a lot details in as little time as attainable. To translate this ordinary vocabulary, Paul Dickson has compiled the curious lingo and mystifying acronyms of NASA in an available dictionary of the names, phrases, and words of the gap Age.

Aviators, fighter pilots, and try out pilots coined the words "spam in a can" (how astronauts felt prelaunch as they sat in a tiny pill atop a rocket booster); "tickety-boo" (things are fine), and "the Eagle has landed" (Neil Armstrong's well-known quote while Apollo eleven landed at the Moon).

This dictionary captures a broader origin for language of the gap Age in keeping with the historical rules hired through the Oxford English Dictionary and Webster's New 3rd overseas Dictionary. note histories for significant phrases are exact in a conversational tone, and technical phrases are deciphered for the pupil and lay reader.

This is a must-own reference for house heritage buffs.

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The Architecture of Matter: Galileo to Kant by Thomas Holden

By Thomas Holden

Thomas Holden provides a desirable learn of theories of subject within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. those theories have been suffering from a fancy of interrelated difficulties pertaining to matter's divisibility, composition, and inner structure. Is any fabric physique infinitely divisible? needs to we posit atoms or elemental minima from which our bodies are eventually composed? Are the components of fabric our bodies themselves fabric concreta? Or are they merely
potentialities or attainable existents? Questions reminiscent of those - and the click of subtler questions hidden of their amibiguities - deeply unsettled philosophers of the early sleek interval. They appeared to disclose critical paradoxes within the new international view pioneered through Galileo, Descartes, and Newton. the recent science's
account of a essentially geometrical production, mathematicizable and intelligible to the human inquirer, appeared to be below risk. This used to be an exceptional scandal, and the philosophers of the interval consequently made a number of makes an attempt to disarm the paradoxes. all of the nice figures tackle the difficulty: so much famously Leibniz and Kant, but additionally Galileo, Hobbes, Newton, Hume, and Reid, as well as a crowd of lesser figures. Thomas Holden deals a super synthesis of those discussions and provides his
own overarching interpretation of the debate, finding the underlying challenge within the pressure among the early moderns' account of fabric elements at the one hand and the programme of the geometrization of nature at the other.

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Communication Rights and Social Justice: Historical Accounts by C. Padovani,A. Calabrese

By C. Padovani,A. Calabrese

putting struggles for communique rights in the broader context of human rights struggles within the 20th and twenty-first centuries, this broad-based assortment deals a wealthy variety of illustrations of nationwide, local and international struggles to outline communique rights as necessary to human wishes and happiness.

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Karl Bühlers Krise der Psychologie: Positionen, Bezüge und by Janette Friedrich

By Janette Friedrich

Im Mittelpunkt des Bandes steht Karl Bühlers 1927 veröffentlichte Schrift zur „Krise der Psychologie“. Bühler setzt sich darin mit den verschiedenen Ansätzen zur Erforschung psychologischer Phänomene auseinander. Seine examine der sich seit Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts als eigenständige Disziplin konstituierenden Psychologie nehmen die Autoren zum Ausgangspunkt, um die „Positionen, Bezüge und Kontroversen im Wien der 1920er/30er Jahre“ zu beleuchten. Dabei stellen sie bisher wenig beachtete theoretische Positionen Karl Bühlers vor und präsentieren neue historische Fakten zu seiner Schaffenszeit an der Wiener Universität.
Die Themen der Beiträge reichen vom Neubeginn der Wiener Philosophie mit der Besetzung der drei Lehrstühle im Jahre 1922 über die Forschungen zum movie unter Leitung von Karl Bühler in den 1930er Jahren bis hin zu neuen Erkenntnissen der NS-Provenienzforschung zur Bibliothek von Karl und Charlotte Bühler. Die Verbindungen zwischen Bühlers Krisenanalyse und dem Forschungsprogramm der Brentanoschule werden aufgezeigt, sein Interesse am Medienbegriff des Psychologen Fritz Heider ebenso detailreich diskutiert wie Bühlers in den 1930er Jahren begonnenes Projekt einer Lebenspsychologie und einer Sematologie als allgemeine Zeichentheorie. Dabei beantworten die Autoren die Frage nach der Aktualität seines Denkens ganz unterschiedlich.
Mit der Erschließung neuer Quellen und der Rekonstruktion historischer Kontexte sowie durch komparative Textstudien leisten die Autoren einen originellen Beitrag zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere zur Geschichte der Psychologie und der Philosophie wie auch zur Institutionsgeschichte der Wiener Universität am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts. Der Band richtet sich an Spezialisten auf diesen Gebieten, aber auch an Psychologen, Sprachwissenschaftler, Erziehungswissenschaftler und Philosophen.

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Beyond Technocracy: Science, Politics and Citizens by Massimiano Bucchi,Adrian Belton

By Massimiano Bucchi,Adrian Belton

Nuclear strength, stem mobile expertise, GMOs: the extra technology advances, the extra society turns out to withstand. yet are we actually observing a dying fight among opposing forces, as such a lot of may have it? Can today’s advanced technical coverage judgements coincide with the wishes of a participatory democracy? Are the 2 aspects even outfitted to speak to one another? past Technocracy: technological know-how, Politics and voters solutions those questions with readability and imaginative and prescient. Drawing upon a extensive diversity of knowledge and occasions from the us and Europe, and noting the blurring of the expert/lay divide within the wisdom base, the e-book argues that those conflicts shouldn't be pushed aside as episodic, or the outbursts of irrationality and lack of information, yet well-known as a serious chance to debate the longer term within which we wish to dwell. Massimiano Bucchi’s research covers the complicated realities of post-academic technological know-how as he: Explores the commonly debated topic of technology and democracy throughout a wide variety of technological controversies. Overviews concerns raised by means of the present dating between scientists, policymakers, company pursuits, and the general public. Dispels stereotypes of the indifferent medical neighborhood as opposed to the uninformed basic public. Examines the position of the media in framing medical debate. Addresses the query of ways to maneuver past technocracy to a extra fruitful collaboration among scientists and voters. deals a daring imaginative and prescient for a destiny during which the clinical and public spheres regard one another as companions operating towards a shared function. past Technocracy: technology, Politics and voters has nice price as a postgraduate textual content for classes in expertise and society, political technology, and technological know-how coverage. it is going to additionally locate an audienceamong scientists, policymakers, managers within the technological zone, and anxious lay readers.

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Galileo Engineer: 269 (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and by Matteo Valleriani

By Matteo Valleriani

Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), his existence and his paintings were and remain the topic of a massive variety of scholarly works. one of many con- quences of this is often the proliferation of identities bestowed in this gure of the Italian Renaissance: Galileo the nice theoretician, Galileo the prepared astronomer, Galileo the genius, Galileo the physicist, Galileo the mathematician, Galileo the solitary philosopher, Galileo the founding father of glossy technology, Galileo the heretic, Galileo the courtier, Galileo the early smooth Archimedes, Galileo the Aristotelian, Galileo the founding father of the Italian scienti c programming language, Galileo the cosmologist, Galileo the Platonist, Galileo the artist and Galileo the democratic scientist. those can be just a couple of of the identities that historians of technology have linked to Galileo. And now: Galileo the engineer! That Galileo had such a lot of faces, or maybe identities, turns out rarely believable. yet through concentrating on his actions as an engineer, historians may be able to reassemble Galileo in one personality, at the least so far as his scienti c paintings is anxious. The influence that Galileo was once an inventive and remoted theoretician derives from his scienti c paintings being seemed outdoor the context during which it originated.

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When Computers Were Human by David Alan Grier

By David Alan Grier

Before Palm Pilots and iPods, computers and laptops, the time period "computer" noted the folk who did clinical calculations by means of hand. those employees have been neither calculating geniuses nor fool savants yet a professional those that, in different situations, may need develop into scientists of their personal correct. When desktops have been Human represents the 1st in-depth account of this little-known, 200-year epoch within the background of technology and technology.

starting with the tale of his personal grandmother, who used to be knowledgeable as a human machine, David Alan Grier offers a poignant creation to the broader global of girls and males who did the not easy computational exertions of technological know-how. His grandmother's informal comment, "I want i would used my calculus," hinted at a profession deferred and an schooling forgotten, a mystery existence unappreciated; like many hugely expert girls of her iteration, she studied to develop into a human laptop simply because not anything else would supply her a spot within the medical world.

The publication starts with the go back of Halley's comet in 1758 and the hassle of 3 French astronomers to compute its orbit. It ends 4 cycles later, with a UNIVAC digital machine projecting the 1986 orbit. In among, Grier tells us concerning the surveyors of the French Revolution, describes the calculating machines of Charles Babbage, and publications the reader during the nice melancholy to surprise on the vast computing room of the Works development Administration.

When desktops have been Human is the sorrowful yet lyrical tale of staff who gladly did the tough exertions of study calculation within the desire that they could join the medical group. in spite of everything, they have been rewarded by way of a brand new digital computing device that took where and the identify of these who have been, as soon as, the computers.

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