The Polio Years in Texas: Battling a Terrifying Unknown by Heather Green Wooten

By Heather Green Wooten

From the Nineteen Thirties to the Fifties, according to the emerging epidemic of paralytic poliomyelitis (polio), Texas researchers led a wave of discoveries in virology, rehabilitative treatments, and the fashionable extensive care unit that reworked the sector nationally. 

The disorder threatened the lives of kids and adults within the usa, specifically within the South, arousing a similar form of worry extra lately linked to AIDS and different dread illnesses. Houston and Harris County, Texas, had the second-highest cost of an infection within the country, and the remainder of the Texas Gulf Coast used to be quite hard-hit through this debilitating affliction. on the time, little was once recognized, yet ultimately the clinical responses to polio replaced the clinical panorama forever. 

Polio additionally had a sweeping cultural and societal impact. It engendered worried responses from mom and dad attempting to continue young ones secure from its ravages and an all-out public info blitz aimed toward aiding a fearful inhabitants safeguard itself. The disorder exacted a really genuine toll at the households, pals, healthcare assets, and social textile of these who reduced in size the ailment and persevered its acute, convalescent, and rehabilitation phases.

In The Polio Years in Texas, Heather eco-friendly Wooten attracts on large archival study in addition to interviews performed over a five-year interval with Texas polio survivors and their households. it is a specific and very human account of not just the epidemics that swept Texas in the course of the polio years, but additionally of the ongoing aftermath of the illness if you happen to are nonetheless dwelling with its effects.

Public healthiness and doctors, historians, and normal readers will derive deep and lasting advantages from analyzing The Polio Years in Texas

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Communicating Global Change Science to Society: An by Holm Tiessen,Michael Brklacich,Gerhard Breulmann,Romulo S.C.

By Holm Tiessen,Michael Brklacich,Gerhard Breulmann,Romulo S.C. Menezes

National governments and learn scientists can be both keen on problems with worldwide environmental swap, yet their interests-and their timelines-are no longer an identical. Governments are frequently involved in temporary results and native affects of world phenomena. Scientists, however, are loath to have interaction in hypothesis in regards to the particular results of large-scale environmental trends.

How then will we translate clinical knowing of those tendencies into public policy?

Communicating international swap technology to Society examines the becoming variety of situations during which governments and scientists have engaged in learn tasks within which the aim is to notify coverage judgements. It assesses those reviews and indicates their implications for destiny collaborations.

The publication starts with a dialogue of interactions among technological know-how and coverage, relatively as they relate to the large importance of environmental swap. It then addresses matters that emerge from this dialogue, together with how clinical learn effects are communicated in democratic societies, the makes use of (and misuses) of medical findings, and what the traditional and social sciences might study from every one other.

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Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809 by Professor Simon Jonathan

By Professor Simon Jonathan

This ebook explores the historical past of pharmacy in France and its courting to the self-discipline of chemistry because it emerged in the beginning of the 19th century. It argues that an appreciation of the historical past of pharmacy is vital to an entire figuring out of the structure of recent technology, specifically the self-discipline of chemistry. As such, it presents a unique interpretation of the chemical revolution (c.1770–1789) that would, without doubt, generate a lot debate at the position of the chemical arts during this tale, a query that has hitherto lacked adequate scholarly mirrored image. moreover, the publication situates this research in the broader context of the French Revolution, arguing that an intimate and direct hyperlink will be drawn among the political upheavals and our imaginative and prescient of the chemical revolution.

The tale of the chemical revolution has frequently been informed via concentrating on the small workforce of French chemists who championed Lavoisier's oxygen thought, in any other case his competitors. this kind of point of view emphasises competing theories and interpretations of serious experiments, yet neglects the tough factor of who should be understood as training chemistry within the eighteenth century. against this, this learn strains the culture of pharmacy as a qualified pursuit that depended on chemical recommendations to organize medicinal drugs, and exhibits how one of many valuable parts of the chemical revolution was once the roughly awake disassociation of the recent chemistry from this historic chemical art.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Cambridge by Kent W. Staley

By Kent W. Staley

This publication publications readers by way of sluggish steps throughout the crucial options and debates within the philosophy of technological know-how. utilizing concrete examples from the background of technological know-how, Kent W. Staley exhibits how probably summary philosophical matters are appropriate to big elements of clinical perform. based in elements, the ebook first tackles the relevant options of the philosophy of technology, resembling the matter of induction, falsificationism, and underdetermination, and demanding figures and pursuits, akin to the logical empiricists, Thomas Kuhn, and Paul Feyerabend. the second one half turns to modern debates within the philosophy of technological know-how, corresponding to clinical realism, clarification, the position of values in technology, the various perspectives of medical inference, and likelihood. This huge but specified evaluation will provide readers a powerful grounding when additionally delivering possibilities for additional exploration. it is going to be of specific curiosity to scholars of philosophy, the philosophy of technological know-how, and science.

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Descartes’ Treatise on Man and its Reception (Studies in by Delphine Antoine-Mahut,Stephen Gaukroger

By Delphine Antoine-Mahut,Stephen Gaukroger

This edited quantity gains 20 essays written via top students that offer an in depth exam of L’Homme via René Descartes. It explores the way this paintings constructed subject matters not only on questions similar to the movement of the blood, but additionally on relevant questions of conception and our wisdom of the area.

Coverage first deals a serious dialogue at the assorted models of L'Homme, together with the Latin, French, and English translations and the 1664 variations. subsequent, the authors learn the early reception of the paintings, from the relationship of L'Homme to early-modern Dutch Cartesianism to Nicolas Steno's feedback of the paintings and the way Descartes' clock analogy is used to guard diversified conceptions of the articulation among anatomical observations and useful hypotheses.

The publication then is going directly to discover L'Homme and early-modern anthropology in addition to the how the paintings has been understood and included into the works of scientists, physicians, and philosophers over the past a hundred and fifty years.

total, readers will become aware of how the rage over the past few a long time to appreciate human cognition in neuro-physiological phrases could be obvious to be no longer anything remarkable, yet rather a revival of a manner of facing those primary questions that was once pioneered by way of Descartes.

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Arithmetic, in Which the Principles of Operating by Numbers by Daniel Adams

By Daniel Adams

mathematics, during which the foundations of working through Numbers Are Analytically defined through Daniel Adams.
This booklet is a replica of the unique ebook released in 1837 and will have a few imperfections corresponding to marks or hand-written notes.

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The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary by Michael Ruse

By Michael Ruse

This quantity is a accomplished reference paintings at the lifestyles, labors and effect of the good evolutionist Charles Darwin. With greater than sixty essays written by way of a world staff representing the major students within the box, this can be the definitive paintings on Darwin. It covers the historical past to Darwin's discovery of the idea of evolution via normal choice, the paintings he produced and his contemporaries' reactions to it, and evaluates his impression on technological know-how within the one hundred fifty years because the book of at the beginning of Species. It additionally explores the results of Darwin's discoveries in faith, politics, gender, literature, tradition, philosophy and medication, severely comparing Darwin's legacy. totally illustrated and obviously written, it really is appropriate for students and scholars in addition to the overall reader. The wealth of knowledge it presents concerning the heritage of evolutionary idea makes it a very important source for figuring out the controversies that encompass evolution today.

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The Species Seekers: Heroes, Fools, and the Mad Pursuit of by Richard Conniff

By Richard Conniff

The tale of daring adventurers who risked loss of life to find unusual lifestyles types within the farthest corners of planet Earth.

Beginning with Linnaeus, a colourful band of explorers made it their project to shuttle to the main perilous corners of the planet and convey again extraordinary new existence varieties. They attracted fans starting from Thomas Jefferson, who laid out mastodon bones at the White condo ground, to twentieth-century medical professionals who used their wisdom of latest species to overcome epidemic illnesses. Acclaimed technological know-how author Richard Conniff brings those daredevil "species seekers" to bright lifestyles. along their globe-spanning stories of event, he recounts probably the most dramatic shifts within the historical past of human concept. at first, all people permitted that the Earth have been created for our gain. We were not yes the place vegetable ended and animal all started, we could not classify species, and we did not comprehend the motives of ailment. yet all that modified because the species seekers brought us to the pantheon of lifestyles on Earth—and our position inside it.

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Zukunft und Wissenschaft: Wege und Irrwege der by Reinhold Popp

By Reinhold Popp

Wissenschaftlich fundierte Forschung, die explizit unter dem Etikett „Zukunftsforschung“ auftritt, ist derzeit ein wenig entwickeltes Minderheitenprogramm. Besonders unterentwickelt präsentiert sich die so genannte Zukunftsforschung im deutschsprachigen Raum. So gibt es etwa Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz nur drei Hochschulen mit Professuren für Zukunftsforschung, jedoch eine wachsende Zahl von Unternehmensberatern und Trend-Gurus, die sich selbst als Zukunftsforscher bezeichnen. Diese defizitären Rahmenbedingungen führen dazu, dass ein fundierter wissenschaftlicher Diskurs über wissenschaftstheoretische und forschungsmethodische Aspekte der Zukunftsforschung nur vereinzelt stattfindet.
Die Beiträge des Sammelbands „Zukunft & Wissenschaft. Wege und Irrwege der Zukunftsforschung“ beschäftigen sich systematisch mit diesen bisher vernachlässigten wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen der Zukunftsforschung, frei nach dem Motto: „Wo ‚Forschung’ drauf steht, muss auch Forschung drin sein.“

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Finding Equilibrium: Arrow, Debreu, McKenzie and the Problem by Till Düppe

By Till Düppe

Finding Equilibrium explores the post–World conflict II transformation of economics by means of developing a heritage of the facts of its crucial dogma—that a aggressive marketplace economic system may well own a suite of equilibrium costs. The version financial system for which the concept should be proved was once mapped out in 1954 via Kenneth Arrow and Gerard Debreu collaboratively, and by way of Lionel McKenzie individually, and could turn into well known because the "Arrow-Debreu Model." whereas Arrow and Debreu might later cross directly to win separate Nobel prizes in economics, McKenzie might by no means obtain it. until eventually Düppe and E. Roy Weintraub discover the lives and paintings of those economists and the problems of clinical credits opposed to the intense backdrop of overlapping examine groups and an economics self-discipline that was once transferring dramatically to mathematical modes of expression.

Based on lately opened data, Finding Equilibrium exhibits the complicated interaction among each one man's own existence and paintings, and examines compelling rules approximately clinical credits, e-book, regard for various learn associations, and the awarding of Nobel prizes. rather than asking no matter if acceptance was once rightly or wrongly given, and who have been the heroes or villains, the booklet considers attitudes towards highbrow credits and techniques to achieve it vis-à-vis the groups that furnish it.

Telling the tale in the back of the facts of the valuable theorem in economics, Finding Equilibrium sheds gentle at the altering nature of the clinical group and the severe connections among the private and public rewards of medical work.

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